What do you know about Typhoid?

Typhoid is a bacterial infection of the alimentary tract in human beings. The bacterium responsible for the infection of typhoid is the Salmonella typhi. It is ingested through contaminated food & water & thus it enters the alimentary tract of human beings. In alimentary tract, it mixes in the bloodstream & multiplies until it is finally eliminated through egestion. However the multiplied bacteria that are retained in the bloodstream cause the condition of typhoid.

Symptoms of Typhoid : The general symptoms of the disease are the same and there are very little variations from one infected person to the other. A persistent fever that appears suddenly is one of the preliminary indicators of typhoid. Fevers make their appearances in the morning & become more severe in the evening. Typhoid fevers are accompanied by headaches & stomach pains.

There is nausea & a feeling of vomiting. Due to loss of appetite, the patient’s diet is very much restricted. Hence the person loses weight. The patient loses sleep & feels feverish all through the night. Typhoid people are very weak & fatigued as long as they are affected by the disease. There may be occasional instances of nosebleeds & chills. The mental state of the person becomes quite unreliable.

There are several abdominal disorders that accompany typhoid fevers. There are gurgling sounds in the abdomen when slight pressure is applied. A distention of the abdomen is observed. The person complains of abdominal pains. There are toilet problems, diarrhea is commonly seen.

Causes of Typhoid : In every person, there is equal proportion of the air element, the fire element & the coordination of earth & water element. When there is imbalance in any of these elements then it causes disease in the body. Typhoid is a very serious disease. It is caused due to vitiation in any one of the three elements. This means, typhoid causes a change in all the elements of the body wind, water, fire & earth.

From a medical point of view, typhoid is caused due to a bacterial infection. The bacterium belongs to the salmonella family & is named as Salmonella typhi. This bacterium lives in the digestive tract of humans. Hence, typhoid is also classified as a food-borne disease. It can enter the body by eating raw & uncooked food, drinking unfiltered water & eating food that is contamination.

Prevention of Typhoid : Typhoid is a contagious disease hence it can be prevented by taking a few precautions. Water must be properly filtered and boiled before drinking. Food must be properly washed and then cooked. One must not eat or drink in unhygienic or unreliable places.

If you feel thirsty when outside, opt for teas &coffees, since they use boiled water. Fruit juices have cold water which may be unhygienic. At the same time, do not use ice in your drinks, as the water used for making ice may be contaminated. While eating fruits, they must be washed and then the outer peel must be discarded.

Wash your hands repeatedly with soap and water. This will help prevent the spread of infection to others. Also instill good hygienic habits in your children if you have. Children should be given typhoid vaccinations. If there is a typhoid patient in the vicinity, then all due precautions must be taken. People must be vaccinated. There must be proper provision for the disposal of the fecal matter of the patient.

Curing Typhoid : In most cases, typhoid itself is cured with medication, but the complications may persist. For this reason, a proper treatment of typhoid must be followed until the last course of the medication. The relapse rate in typhoid is very high.


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