Contraceptives can prevent vaginal infection

Vaginal infection occurs when the normal bacterial flora of the vagina is disrupted & replaced by an overproduction of other types of bacteria. Symptoms include a fishy odor & discharge, as well as itching, burning or pain. The intake of hormonal contraception can prevent bacterial vaginosis. It's the most common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age. It is associated with preterm delivery & low birth weight babies.

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It is treatable by antibiotics, it tends to recur. The condition is also associated with sexual activity, douching & sexually transmitted diseases, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes simplex virus & HIV. To find out the protective effect of hormonal contraction against bacterial vaginosis, researchers examined medical records of 330 reproductive-age women who were treated for sexually transmitted disease with hormonal contraceptives.

They found that the women who were taking an oral contraceptive that included estrogen & progestin were 34 % less likely to have a recurrence of bacterial vaginosis than women not taking a contraceptive. The women who were on a progestin-only contraceptive were 58 % less likely to have a recurrence. Though the reduction attributed to the combined pill was not statistically significant.

It concluded through their research that hormonal contraceptives can help to ward off the reoccurrence of vaginal infection by altering the vaginal ecology or by reducing menstruation. Which is associated with changes to vaginal bacteria levels. Birth control pills possibly can have additional advantages that can be used for treating vaginal infection or bacterial vaginosis.


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