Hyper-pigmentation and ways to repair

All women enjoy healthy glow after holiday, but after fading tans, about forty percent are left with hyper-pigmentation, patchy brown spots and dicolouration left on the skin. Too much sun exposure may leave anyone of any age, with signs of pigmentation.

Brown age spots and patchy pigmentation play a key role as wrinkles making your skin appear older.  The two key triggers that cause hyper-pigmentation are sunlight and hormones. They make skin cells known as melanocytes to overproduce the brown pigment melanin and transfer it to cells near the surface, called keratinocytes.

Management of hyper-pigmentation is a three-step process, which involving slowing the production of melanin, normalizing the transfer of pigment to the keratinocytes, and increasing the turnover of skin cells to dispose of the older, pigmented ones.
The strongest treatment is hydroquinone.

Majority of the new skin creams contain low doses of hydroquinone, plus a by-product of fermented rice called kojic acid and arbutin, which is derived from the leaves of cranberry and blueberry shrubs. Leading dermatologist Dr Stefanie Williams explained these natural ingredients are surprisingly effective.

Whatever cream you choose, make sure you use it thoroughly for months. Pigmentation responds very slowly to treatment, so expect to wait three to six months before significant results. No treatment can disintegrate the existing pigment in our old skin cells. They can only slow down production of new pigment, added Dr Williams.

The treated skin will be more sensitive to UV light, therefore thorough protection is needed. Wear SPF30, every day, even in gloomy weather otherwise the brown spots will return, possibly worse than before.

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